CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 61% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider (Saxo Bank). You should consider whether you understand how CFDs, FX or any of our other products work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Bond Sell Off

Bond sell-off underway; is this a problem?

“Bonds are not the place to be these days”; Warren Buffett 28th February 2021


In what looks a prescient call, the Sage of Omaha’s annual letter opined on the recent bond market sell off. This saw 10 year US T-bond yields rise to 1.52%. So far, Buffett has had a good crisis, going into 2020 Berkshire Hathaway held record cash balances.

One reason for the February sell-off is US President Joe Biden’s $1.9trn plan which enters the Senate this week. Americans expect to receive a third stimulus cheque for US$1,400 and $400 per week federal unemployment benefit to 29th August 2022. US government spending rose 40% in the year to December 2020 v 3% gain in government income – with just over $1.3trn spent in just three months.


The December 2020 US government budget shortfall was US143.6bn v $13.3bn in December 2019 – a near 11-fold increase.

According to the National Debt Clock the US debt to GDP ratio stands at 130.5% a level that exceeds the worst post of WW2 (114% ; 1945).

The arrival of US ‘helicopter money’ is funded by increased primary issuance, the sale of new US government bonds. So far, the US Federal Reserve has bought US Treasury bonds with money created electronically. The Fed creates artificial demand for bonds and keeps interest rates low by warehousing its bond purchases. It has $7.36trn in US government bonds in its inventory.

At some point the Fed will start ‘unwinding’, i.e. reducing its balance sheet by the sale of T-bonds, an event likely to move bond yields back up.

But now fiscal profligacy has arrived, the danger is it becomes normalized. Hence inflationary concerns are linked to the size and longevity of the US budget deficit. Excess money supply is being created, that will seep into the real economy. US money supply grew 37.1% to end November 2020 v 5.9% in the year to November 2019.


There are other significant factors supporting 2021 inflation expectations:-

a)      Services sector price hikes. The C-19 pandemic has pushed many small businesses to the brink. As economies re-open, restaurants, cinemas, hairdressers, gyms, airlines, transport operators will be hiking prices, regardless of pricing norms, to pay for closures/ higher debt. These hikes will quickly impact inflation gauges.

b)      Rising energy commodities including crude oil, natural gas (Brent+47% YoY)

c)       Soft US dollar on imported FMCG with weakness v EU/ Asian currencies.

d)      Personal Income – in January 2021 US personal income surged 10% v. 0.6% rise in December due to US stimulus cheques and higher unemployment payments.

e)      Anecdotal evidence of pent-up demand / consumer willingness to spend (significant cash being held over the C-19 pandemic)

f)        Anecdotal evidence of asset market bubbles; Gamestop / Bitcoin/ Tesla Motors where asset prices become disconnected from financial realities are happening with regularity. This is evidence of excess cash in the hands of consumers.

US personal income over C-19


Higher market interest rates, helpful for some

a)      A jump in market interest rates/ steepening of the bond yield curve will be welcomed by global banks whose deposit returns have been negligible/ negative for the C-19 period. The rise in bond yields, if sustained and continued could lead to substantial improvement in bank net interest margins (NIM).

iShares US Banks ETF USD (LSE:BNKS)


Investors have started to price in the recovery in US bank earnings over 2021/2022 as impairments/ loan losses decline and consumer balance sheets stabilize.

Whilst UK banks face a similar macro backdrop, a bank earnings recovery is likely during H2 2021. Investors remain concerned over the pace/ quality of the UK recovery as C-19 restrictions are eased. A key issue is what proportion of the 4.7m people on furlough return to work and the impact of higher unemployment on loan losses.

b)      Annuity demand/ demand for pension assets

Rising annuity rates, assisted by higher gilt yields are positive for pensioners and pension management companies.

The February move begs the question about the path for gilt yields. Our expectation is the 10 year gilt will soon hit 1% – possibly over March/ April as schools return and recovery hopes are raised. However, post this further adjustment (+0.2%), I expect gilt yields to plateau and move within a range of +/- 0.2%.


The February 2021 global yield jump is a market “turn” with investors saying farewell to negative yields. This suggests confidence in the C-19 vaccine roll-out and the path to economic recovery. There are tangible grounds to expect inflationary forces to strengthen.

However investors should not be fearful of yield normalization as it is essentially a vote of confidence that an economic recovery can withstand higher financial costs. The move should also calm investors nerves as it will reduce the extreme disconnect between negative bond yields (priced for recession) and high equities that have been priced for an economic rebound.



Subscribe to our Award-winning Newsletter

We provide daily market data in the form of our award-winning newsletter, The Morning Call and The Market Close.
You can subscribe to this information at any time to help you make the most of your investment.

Quick Sign-up

Important Information

Key to Material Interests:

Please be aware that the following disclosures of Material Interests are relevant to this research note:

Company NameRelevant disclosures: (2)

  1. The analyst has a personal holding in the securities issued by the company or of derivatives linked to the price of the company’s securities.
  2. Collins Sarri Statham Investments Ltd has clients who hold either shares or CFD positions in this security.

Analyst Certification:

The report’s author certifies that this research report accurately states his personal views about the subject securities, which is reflected in the ratings as well as the substance of the reports.


Collins Sarri Statham Investments Ltd (CSS) does not in any of its publications take into account any particular recipient's investment objectives, financial situation, and specific needs and demands. Therefore, all CSS publications are, unless otherwise specifically stated, intended for informational and/or marketing purposes only.CSS shall not be responsible for any loss arising from any investment based on a perceived recommendation.

No publication (including recommendations) shall be construed as a representation or warranty that the recipient will profit, nor avoid sustaining losses, from trading in accordance with a trading strategy set forth in a publication.

This research is non-independent and is classified as a Marketing Communication under FCA rules detailed in their Conduct of Business Rulebook (COBS). As such it has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote independence of investment research and it is not subject to the prohibition of dealing ahead of the dissemination of investment research outlined in COBS 12.2.18.

Risk Warning:

Trading in the products and services offered by Collins Sarri Statham Investments Ltd (CSS) may, result in losses as well as profits as the value of investments may go down as well as up. You may not get back the full amount you have invested. Any reference to past performance should not be viewed as an indication of any future performance. Investments held in overseas markets are subject to the effects of changes in exchange rates which will impact on the value of the underlying investment. Investments made in AIM and penny shares carry an increased risk due to the difficulty in creating a market in these shares. There may be a substantial difference in the buy and sell price. Leveraged products such as Contracts for Difference (CFDs), derivatives, commodities & Foreign Exchange (FX), carry a higher risk to your capital and they can lose their value rapidly.

Speculative Trading is not Suitable for all Investors

The information contained herein is based on materials and sources that we believe to be reliable however we make no representation or warranty, either express or implied, in relation to the accuracy, completeness or reliability of the information contained herein. Please note that the figures shown may, in some instances, be rounded to the nearest penny. Prices can move sharply from those quoted in this document. Current prices can be verified by calling one of our brokers. CSS is under no obligation to update the information contained herein. Neither CSS, nor its affiliates, nor its employees shall have any liability whatsoever for any indirect or consequential loss or damage arising from the use of this document.

Get Started with CSS

Open an Account

Subscribe to our award winning daily newsletter

Voted "Best Market Newsletter" in 2012, 2014, 2015 and 2017 by the City of London Wealth Management Awards

Subscribe to our newsletter (Popup)

By signing up to our free email, you are consenting to receive these promotions. The newsletter is sent up to three times per day during the week and up to once per day over the weekend and is directed at UK residents. The newsletter contains company news, market movements, CSS research and promotions and breaking economic news. Occasionally our newsletter will contain advertisements from trusted partners. However, we will never give, sell or rent your email address to any other companies. If you want to stop receiving our free emails you can unsubscribe at any time by clicking on the link at the bottom of each email. You can read our privacy policy here.

No, thank you I am already subscribed